Whereas I agree to most of what you’ve written here I’ve only observation about Bhutto. For whatever reasons, arrogance and personal ambitions included, he did damage Pakistan considerably. Following para is from page 306 of Quiet Diplomacy by a very renowned diplomat Jameshed Markar,
“Yahya had been talking to Bhutto –who was at the U.N. meetings in New York– by telephone about several matters. At one point Yahya said that he was far away, of course, but that the Polish resolution looked good, and ‘we should accept it’. Bhutto replied, ‘I can’t hear you.’
Yahya repeated himself several times, and Bhutto kept saying ‘What? What?’ Operator in New York finally intervened and said, ‘I can hear him fine,’ to which Bhutto replied ‘Shut up’. Yahya seemed still bemused. and bewildered by all this in 1979″.
At that time Poland had moved Resolution S/10453 in the Security Council on 14th October, calling for the immediate release of Mujib, ceasefire after the process of transfer of power had begun, withdrawal of Pakistanis both civilians and soldiers, withdrawal of Indian troops and return of both sides to their pre-war positions in the west. The draft resolution was further revised just the next day largely to Pakistan’s advantage: Condition of Mujib’s release was dropped and there was a harsher condition for withdrawal of Indian troops when it said , “The Indian armed forces will be withdrawn from East Pakistan.” That implied orderly transfer of power, and withdrawal of India’s troops to pre-war positions. This would’ve left no Pakistani prisoner of war, and no Shimla Accord of course.
According to Sisson and Leo Rose in the interviews conducted and published in Pakistan, India, and the creation of Bangladesh as given at page 219, “it was the most controversial and potentially embarrassing of the resolutions … since it was the only resolution that had a high. probability of adoption … [and] aroused considerable distress in New Delhi”
Indian strategists and politicians could not make out why Pakistan did not agree? It was sure to leave India in compromising position. Yes Pakistan didn’t agree because Yahya would’ve continued ruling denying the only chance Bhutto had to ascend to the throne. It wasn’t possible without showing Yahya exit. Lo and behold, Bhutto, displaying all exuberance, tore off the Polish resolution. Had he not done that the not only Indian invasion would have been prevented, the world history would have been very different.
We can see that Today’s PPP is no different. It might damage Pakistan the way its founder did if the nation doesn’t wake up.
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